Extension of Sp2/0 hybridoma cell viability through interleukin-6 supplementation.

TitleExtension of Sp2/0 hybridoma cell viability through interleukin-6 supplementation.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsChung, JD, Zabel, C, Sinskey, AJ, Stephanopoulos, G
JournalBiotechnol Bioeng
Volume55
Issue2
Pagination439-46
Date Published1997 Jul 20
ISSN0006-3592
Abstract

Sp2/0 hybridoma cells die principally by apoptosis in batch culture. We have found that cultures of the Sp2/0 hybridoma exhibit increased viability in response to interleukin 6 (IL-6) supplementation relative to control cultures during serum shiftdown experiments. When shifted from a medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to a medium with 1% FBS, IL-6 supplemented cultures displayed viabilities and viable cell densities similar to control cultures containing 10% FBS. The degree of the survival response induced varied in accordance with the severity of the shiftdown, as cells resuspended in a high serum medium showed little observable enhancement in viability. The extension in culture viability was not accompanied by an observable decrease in growth relative to control cultures, indicating that the effect was not a consequence of growth inhibition. These results suggest the existence of serum components with behavior functionally similar to IL-6, with respect to enhancing cell survival, and that under certain experimental conditions IL-6 serves as a survival factor. In contrast to the extended viability displayed by cultures supplemented with IL-6, Sp2/0 cultures transfected with IL-6 cDNA expression vectors displayed a growth inhibitory response relative to control cultures. This inhibitory response was characterized by an extended lag phase following inoculation, and a decrease in batch culture cell yield. The depression in cell yield varied with serum concentration, with the largest depression occurring at high serum concentrations. We conclude that interactions between components in serum, presumably growth factors, and cytokines play an important role in altering the behavior of industrially relevant cell lines in culture. (c) 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biotechnol Bioeng 55: 439-446, 1997.

DOI10.1002/(SICI)1097-0290(19970720)55:2<439::AID-BIT21>3.0.CO;2-A
Alternate JournalBiotechnol Bioeng
Citation Key249
PubMed ID18636502