Isopropanol production with engineered Cupriavidus necator as bioproduction platform.

TitleIsopropanol production with engineered Cupriavidus necator as bioproduction platform.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGrousseau, E, Lu, J, Gorret, N, Guillouet, SE, Sinskey, AJ
JournalAppl Microbiol Biotechnol
Date Published2014 May
Keywords2-Propanol, Batch Cell Culture Techniques, Biomass, Clostridium, Cupriavidus necator, DNA, Bacterial, Enzymes, Fructose, Gene Dosage, Gene Expression, Metabolic Engineering, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, Molecular Sequence Data, Recombinant Proteins, Sequence Analysis, DNA

Alleviating our society's dependence on petroleum-based chemicals has been highly emphasized due to fossil fuel shortages and increasing greenhouse gas emissions. Isopropanol is a molecule of high potential to replace some petroleum-based chemicals, which can be produced through biological platforms from renewable waste carbon streams such as carbohydrates, fatty acids, or CO2. In this study, for the first time, the heterologous expression of engineered isopropanol pathways were evaluated in a Cupriavidus necator strain Re2133, which was incapable of producing poly-3-hydroxybutyrate [P(3HB)]. These synthetic production pathways were rationally designed through codon optimization, gene placement, and gene dosage in order to efficiently divert carbon flow from P(3HB) precursors toward isopropanol. Among the constructed pathways, Re2133/pEG7c overexpressing native C. necator genes encoding a β-ketothiolase, a CoA-transferase, and codon-optimized Clostridium genes encoding an acetoacetate decarboxylase and an alcohol dehydrogenase produced up to 3.44 g l(-1) isopropanol in batch culture, from fructose as a sole carbon source, with only 0.82 g l(-1) of biomass. The intrinsic performance of this strain (maximum specific production rate 0.093 g g(-1) h(-1), yield 0.32 Cmole Cmole(-1)) corresponded to more than 60 % of the respective theoretical performance. Moreover, the overall isopropanol production yield (0.24 Cmole Cmole(-1)) and the overall specific productivity (0.044 g g(-1) h(-1)) were higher than the values reported in the literature to date for heterologously engineered isopropanol production strains in batch culture. Strain Re2133/pEG7c presents good potential for scale-up production of isopropanol from various substrates in high cell density cultures.

Alternate JournalAppl Microbiol Biotechnol
Citation Key163
PubMed ID24604499